Introduction

One of the major fires that affected safety and health history occurred in New York City on Saturday, March 25, 1911. That tragedy that took 146 lives and its associated publicity helped lead to changes that were essential to improve fire protection. There were 52 similar fires in New York City in the garment industry that same year, but none had the catastrophic and sad results as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire. This fire caused significant changes at many levels, such as design standards, fire protection systems, fire extinguishing systems, exiting, operational practices. This fire found many ways to place blame for United States fire protection practices that were far behind the rest of the world.

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