Introduction

One of the early initiatives of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was helping engineering schools to teach engineering students the important role they have to protect the public. For example, the Number One Canon of the Code of Ethics for the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) is”Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall: 1. Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.” In order to assist in achieving this, NIOSH created Project SHAPE (Safety and Health Awareness for Preventive Engineering). From 1979 to 1983 NIOSH conducted a series of workshops to recommend methods for improving engineering practice, education, and research in the occupational safety and health field. Initially, the recommendation was to include in all undergraduate engineering curricula a course that instructs students on the responsibility defined by the Number One Canon of the NSPE Code of Ethics. There was some resistance to adding a course to a overloaded curriculum. So other approaches were sought over time.
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