Most people involved in safety and health will know the name Alice Hamilton. Many among those recognizing the name know little about her. The goal of this article is to introduce her and tell about her background and accomplishments. In summary, she is often recognized as the person who put industrial hygiene on the map and contributed greatly to occupational medicine.
Alice Hamilton was born in New York City on February 27, 1869. Her parents were Montgomery Hamilton and Gertrude (nee Pond). She had three sisters (Edith, Margaret, and Norah) and a brother (Arthur).
She grew up in Fort Wayne, Indiana as a privileged youngster. The family lived on a three square block compound at the south end of Ft. Wayne that housed the extended family of her grandfather, Allen Hamilton.